How to Change a Tire

 

Here at Webber Family Motors, we value safety. Changing a flat tire is essential to “know before you go.” We simplified some things and created this easy step-by-step tutorial to get you back on the road quickly and efficiently.

Before we can get into the actual changing of the tire, here are the tools that you will need:

  • Jack
  • Lug Wrench
  • Fully Inflated Spare Tire
  • Vehicle Owners Manual

Step 1: Find a Safe Location

It’s easy to pull over or brake the minute you realize you have a flat tire. Instead, slowly reduce your speed and scan your surroundings for a level, straight stretch of road with a wide shoulder. Don’t be afraid to keep going to find a safe spot despite the fear of ruining your rim. Better to replace a rim than a limb.

Step 2: Apply the Parking Brake and Turn on Your Hazard Lights

Once stopped, it’s important to remember to apply the parking brake. This will reduce the risk of your vehicle rolling.

Don’t forget to signal to other drivers where you are. Hazard lights, or flashers, will greatly minimize the risk of drivers not being able to see you.

Once safely pulled over, you should also find your vehicle’s owner manual. There may be specific instructions tailored to your car on how to change its tire.

Step 3: Remove the Hubcap/Wheel Cover

Some vehicles have a hubcap that covers the lug nuts. It’s easier to remove the hubcap before using your jack to lift the car. If your vehicle’s lug nuts are already exposed, go ahead and skip to Step 4.

To remove the hubcap, use the flat end of your lug wrench. Although this will work for most vehicles, some hubcaps may need a tailored tool to come off. Your owners manual will cover proper hubcap/wheel cover removal procedures.

Step 4: Loosen The Lug Nuts

Using your lug wrench, turn the lug nut counterclockwise. Don’t be afraid to use a little force with your foot or body weight if necessary.

Once the resistance breaks, loosen the lug nut about half an inch. Repeat step for each lug nut, but do so in a star pattern. Wait to remove the lug nuts completely until it’s time to take off your wheel from the vehicle.

Step 5: Place the Jack and Raise Your Vehicle

Place the jack under the vehicle beside the tire that’s flat. Double check your vehicle’s owner manual for the safest location to place your jack.

Once the jack is properly positioned, raise your vehicle until the flat tire is six inches off of the ground.

Step 6: Unscrew the Lug Nuts Completely

Go ahead and unscrew the lug nuts all of the way. This should be easy, as you have already loosened them.

Step 7: Remove the Flat Tire

Using both hands, grab the tire by the treads. Gently pull it towards you until it’s completely free. Make sure to place it down on its side to prevent it from rolling away.

Step 8: Put the Spare Tire on the Lug Bolts

Line up the rim of the spare tire with the rim of the lug bolts. Push gently until you can see the lug bolts peeking through the rim.

Step 9: Put the Lug Nuts Back on by Hand

Using your hands, put the lug nuts back on and firmly tighten them. Once they are all on, double check that they are as tight as possible using only your hands. Once your vehicle is lowered, you will tighten them even more with the lug wrench.

Step 10: Lower the Vehicle and Tighten the Lug Nuts Once More

Using the jack, lower the vehicle to the ground, but not completely to the point where the full weight of the car is on the spare tire.

Once lowered, go ahead and tighten the lug nuts even more using the lug wrench. Be sure to tighten them in a star pattern. It’s best to use your foot and all of your body weight to make sure they are on nice and tight.

Step 11: Get Your Vehicle on the Ground

Lower your vehicle completely and remove the jack. Double check your lug nuts by giving them a tug. It’s important that the lug nuts are as tight as possible.

Step 12: Put the Hubcap Back on

If the hubcap from your previous tire fits on the spare, go ahead and put it back on the same way that you initially removed it. If it doesn’t fit, no worries, just pack it away with the rest of your tools.

Step 13: Check the Pressure of the Spare Tire

Once you pack up all of your tools, make sure to check the pressure of your tire to make sure it’s safe to drive on. In the case that your tire does need pressure, drive your vehicle slowly to the closest service station immediately.

Step 14: Take Your Tire to a Technician

Spare tires are not meant for long distance or high speeds. Drive slowly and cautiously to our autoshop and we will determine if your tire needs a repair or if it needs to be replaced.

Here at Webber Family Motors, you can count on our highly qualified technicians to execute accurate and exceptional service, provide upfront estimates, and present customer satisfaction in a timely fashion each and every time. Shoot us your email and receive a free oil change on us!

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